The Presidential Palace of the Republic of Azerbaijan is an administrative building where the Executive Office and the Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan are located. Previously the Presidential Office housed the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan. When Azerbaijan gained its independent statehood and the institutional structures of Azerbaijan SSR were liquidated this building kept its status of residency of the supreme power and in accordance with the new names of the state bodies was named as the Executive Office of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In 2005 this building was given a new name which justly underscores its high symbolic designation – the Presidential Palace.
This new name reflected the progress that occurred in the public conception about the power. The name of the main building of the state in Azerbaijan SSR (1920 – 1991) - the Central Committee of the Communist Party used to be related with the scope of the management notions and reflected the mechanism of the party-state seats (appointments). The power was equated with the machinery of State. There was no negative implication in this conception as the conception about the power was based on such values of consensual character as organisation, order, discipline, mechanism, paternalism, sociability. The symbology of power and its set of values in the Republic of Azerbaijan have undergone certain changes. But on the whole the accepted name – the Executive Office of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan - bore the traditional meaning: power means, in the first place, the organisation of the forms of social life and regulation of the processes characteristic to it.
In the name of the Executive Office of the Republic of Azerbaijan the President was presented as a person of the highest authority who preserved his traditional role as a generator of organic reforms in Azerbaijan under the circumstances of new market structures.
The new name – the Presidential Palace –bears a configuration of different meanings. The main emphasis in this new name is connected with the Presidential power which is highly symbolical: portliness, sovereignty, publicity, legitimacy and national identity. The new name is read in the same line with such symbolic signs as state emblem, anthem, flag, and constitution. Having undergone changes but still remaining national in its basic characteristics, the Presidential Palace is a sign of a new political language which reflects the evolution of the Azerbaijan state.
The Presidential Palace is a twelve-storey building with a marble and granite facing (revetment). The preparatory works for the construction of the Presidential Palace began in October 1977 on the initiative of nationwide leader Heydar Aliyev who approved the project designed by Fuad Orujov (project manager), Tahir Allahverdiyev (architect) and Madat Khalafov (design engineer). The construction works of the Palace began in 1978 and the building was commissioned in 1986. The location of the Palace corresponds to the intentions of Heydar Aliyev, here the physical altitude embodies the moral characteristics of the power – the heavy responsibilities entrusted with the state, their publicity and unlimited visibility. The rigorous simplicity and stateness characteristic to the architectural face of the building are the signs of time which left its footprints in the experience of the historical development of the Azerbaijan nation.