10 october 2012, 18:50
Closing speech by Ilham Aliyev at the Cabinet of Ministers
- There is less than three months for the end of the year. I am sure that all the planned issues will be resolved in the time remaining. In particular, the implementation of the state investment program will be completed. Because I can say that the state investment program plays a major part in the economic development of our country. This program expands with every year. Its volume increases and new directions appear. Therefore, I believe that our successful economic development will be continued for the rest of the year. We already need to determine the social and economic outlines for the next year. In fact, we are doing that. We have to make sure that the macroeconomic situation remains stable next year.
In my opening remarks I mentioned that according to the calculations of the Davos Economic Forum, one of the world’s most respected economic structures, Azerbaijan is in 18th in the world for macroeconomic stability. Of course, this is a very high indicator. In fact, it shows that this area will be stable in the years ahead. This year’s inflation is at its lowest level in recent years. We must strive to reduce the risk of inflation to a minimum next year. To achieve this, we have large enough mechanisms, tools and instruments. The results achieved in this field have special significance. Because the money invested in the economy increases every year. Our state budget is growing. At the same time, we took a very serious political decision this year, which can give rise to inflation. We have begun the repayment of compensations for the deposits remaining from the Soviet era. As you know, when new money appears on the market, inflation risks inevitably rise. But although citizens have already received a large amount, inflation is low. This is evidence of our large reserves, sound macroeconomic policies and, in general, prudent economic policies.
Therefore, we constantly deal with this issue, and relevant agencies, economic bodies, the Central Bank keep the matter under control. We have to maintain inflation risks at the minimal level next year.
In recent months, we were also seriously engaged in disaster relief.
Unfortunately, Azerbaijan has been faced with natural disasters in recent years. Two years ago there were major floods. This year there was a serious earthquake. I have twice visited the quake zone – shortly after the earthquake and last month. I saw good results of the work done. In a short period we have built schools, built and restored homes. Fairly large amounts were allocated for this purpose both from the Contingency Fund of the President and from the state budget – funds excess of 300 million manats. We should strive to arrange the remaining funds in order to completely resolve this issue in a short time. But that is a very large amount of work. Thousands of homes were destroyed and fell into disrepair, and the state of Azerbaijan assumed this financial burden again. I have expressed my opinion about that. During floods and earthquakes, we should strive to apply progressive experience in this field. This is the time for this. I also want to say that in every country, i.e. in developed countries, disaster relief in the sense of building houses is never carried out from the state budget.
All the houses are insured. Every citizen insures his own home. After that, if there is a mishap, the insurance company pays the compensation. Of course, no-one can predict natural disasters. Earthquakes are a problem no country can prevent. So I think we have to seriously address this issue. We should apply a new system. We should study the experience of developed countries and the government should make specific proposals on this issue in the near future. Of course, awareness work and other measures will be undertaken. We must resolve this issue once and for all because every time the government allocates hundreds of millions of manats for this purpose. This, of course, is additional burden on the state budget. Besides, it is not a very serious and systematic approach. By conducting our social policy and empathizing with those in distress, we take such steps. But everything needs to go be done systematically, and I am sure we can create a proper system in this area.
The process of settling the IDPs is ongoing. This year, a record amount of 300 million manats is to be allocated from the Oil Fund. These funds are used for the construction of new settlements. I have attended the opening of such settlements and seen that we really give people joy, take them out of a difficult situation and provide with normal conditions. I think that next year we will have to allocate funds at least at this level – 300 million manats. It is a large amount, and next year we will also take measures to settle the IDPs and improve their livelihoods. There are still people living in difficult conditions.
Of course, the concept of “tent camps” has been gone for five years. But there are still many IDPs living in kindergartens, military units, dormitories. We will facilitate their plight. At the same time, we have major plans regarding kindergartens.
All the kindergartens in Baku are being renovated, the instruction has been given to build new ones because the existing opportunities meet only 20 per cent of the needs. Most kindergartens were built in Soviet times when the population was not so large. The population is growing and so is demand, and when parents see that the situation in kindergartens is very good, they want to send their children there but can’t. Earlier kindergartens were so poor that no parent wanted to send their child there. Now the situation has changed. So the investment program for next year should consider the construction of kindergartens and, perhaps, the construction of new buildings at the existing kindergartens. This is a very remarkable phenomenon. I always mention this when I see that both schools and kindergartens cover very large areas. It was a very positive policy of the Soviet period. Now these areas can be and are used for the construction of new buildings. At the same time, we should allocate new areas. Therefore, we will tackle these issues and I am sure that we will achieve even greater success in the coming years.
The implementation of infrastructure projects in the districts is in full swing. We act on specific programs in each area.
Gasification is under way. While visiting the countryside, I always enquire about gasification and water projects. We can say that everything is going according to schedule. Recently, we marked the implementation of the first water project in Zardab District. In a few days the people of Zardab will consume clean drinking water from a natural source. This is a great and historic event. All the district centers and cities will be provided with clean drinking water in the next period. Specific instructions have been given and a fairly large amount envisaged in the investment program for next year to achieve these goals.
We are also working hard on other areas related to regional infrastructure projects. Highways, inter-city and rural roads are built. I can say that this year we have invested the largest amount in the history of modern Azerbaijan in rural roads. In each district we build rural roads which link villages, towns and district centers. This is hugely important. It is also a social issue, we do it for people’s comfort. It is also an economic issue. In some regions I was told that if there is a rural road, it will open up opportunities for tourism in the region because rural roads are the main condition for the development of tourism. We have to consider that we have tourist areas, mountains, and sometimes people can’t access these beautiful and scenic places. So we consider these issues individually. At the end of the year we compile a list, some rural roads are built from the state budget, others from the Contingency Fund of the President. We must apply the same approach next year.
Among the infrastructure projects, the priority ones are those on gasification, rural roads, drinking water and, of course, sewage. The laying of power lines must also be a priority. In recent years we have taken serious measures in connection with electricity, generated more power, built power plants. But in many cases distribution lines are not at the desired level. So I think we have to focus on distribution lines, particularly in the regions.
As a result of the measures taken in Baku, we can say that this issue has been fundamentally resolved. The implementation of new infrastructure projects has helped create a very advanced system. But in the regions distribution lines are not up to par.
I also see this, some of them have wooden supports. When there is wind, these supports collapse, the line is broken and people are in trouble. I have repeatedly expressed my thoughts about this. I think that next year should see a watershed in this area. We need to take comprehensive action on this issue. I instruct the government to make a specific program. The investment program should also separately consider the issue of rehabilitation and reconstruction of distribution lines.
We are also successfully addressing food security issues in Azerbaijan. We have a comprehensive approach to this issue too, the necessary analysis is made. We study our domestic capabilities, the potential of the internal market. The goal is to supply ourselves with local products to the maximum extent possible.
We constantly exchange views on this issue. Relevant instructions have been given and I think that further measures will be taken in this area next year. Staple foods should be fully provided domestically. We are close to that, we have already achieved this with some products and are close to the goal with others.
The new businesses emerging in the regions, processing enterprises, dairy factories, livestock farms, bakeries, poultry farms will enable us to ensure domestic consumption using our own resources in the coming years. This is a social issue, a food security issue and an economic issue leading to income generation. So we pursue a number of goals here. In general, I am pleased with the work in this direction because we have a systematic, not a disorganized approach to this work. We carried out a systematic analysis, we are introducing this area to entrepreneurs through the National Fund on Entrepreneurship Support. This mechanism is also proving effective. This year, the National Fund on Entrepreneurship Support will provide soft loans worth 200 million manats, most of which has already been given. I have directed to increase this amount next year. So next year the Fund should provide soft loans worth 300 million manats. This is an important area, this is investment in the real economy, investment made under state control. But the private sector is also investing. In implementing this program, we encourage the private sector by providing soft loans, expanding their activities and also stimulating domestic production. So this is a very effective and efficient mechanism. So I think we must increase this amount. Especially if we consider that most of the funds accumulating in the fund is made up of the repayment of the loans granted in previous years. So there will be no more need for state budget funds. In a few years we will have funds in the amount of nearly $300, maybe even $500 million.
From year to year, these funds will be in circulation and stimulate business. So for the next two to three years, we must provide budgetary support for this area. In the future, it will operate on its own.
The instructions on the creation of large farms are being fulfilled. Two major projects are already under way – one in Agjabadi District, the other in Beylagan. The total area of two plots is almost 5,000 hectares. This is a new approach, we talked about it many times. I am glad that this issue is already being realized. These farms must have very high yield. They should produce at least 40, maybe 50 quintals of grain, so that in the next three to four years we could meet our needs for grain entirely from our internal resources. The creation of such farms should progress fast.
To achieve this goal, we need to create about 40-50 large farms, which will ensure our complete independence in this area.
There are several reasons. First, we must effectively use our lands. Second, we are implementing major irrigation and land reclamation projects. Of course, tens of thousands of hectares of new land will be put into circulation and the farmers will use them effectively. On the other hand, it means new jobs, local production, economic revival. At the same time, we will protect ourselves from global developments. Countries may experience a drought one year and reduce yield another year. This inevitably affects consumer prices. As a result, our people also face difficulties. The world price of wheat has significantly increased because production in traditional exporting countries has sharply declined, there is a deficit, there was a drought.
This, willy-nilly, leads to higher prices. We also faced this situation several years ago. We had signed contracts according to which we were supposed to import corn and wheat. But they were not fulfilled after some countries banned exports. We must get rid of this dependence too. Just as we reduce dependence in other areas, we have to do it in this area. So the investment program should consider this more broadly. I take the maximum, the ultimate goal is to do it in four to five years, but I think that we have to fully provide ourselves with local products in a shorter period of time.
Next year's budget has already been formed and submitted. Next year's budget will be bigger than this year’s. Budgetary expenditure of nearly 20 billion manats is expected, which is a fairly large amount. A consolidated budget will be even bigger.
The consolidated budget may exceed 30 billion dollars. This is a large figure, which, of course, demonstrates our strength and how important it is for us to resolve the country's problems. We should make effective use of these funds. Our steadily growing state budget is, of course, instrumental in resolving our problems. But at the same time it is a big responsibility. We have to make sure that everything related to this issue is taken into account. In particular, we must prepare the investment program. Unlike previous years, we must adopt the investment program perhaps at the end of this year. Normally we adopt the state investment program at the beginning of each year, around January. The process of reconciliation takes some time and the issue of investments starts towards the end of February. So to save time we have to adopt the investment program by the end of this year.
I want to say a few words about energy security. Azerbaijan has fully ensured its security in this area. One of the wonderful events of recent months is that early gas has been produced from “Umid” field. This is a great indicator. The rate of the gas wells is very high. The first well has very encouraging figures. So “Umid” lives up to its name. The discovery of “Umid” by the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan is a historic event. The State Oil Company has managed to develop this large gas field on its own for the first time in recent years. Gas production is now increasing, it is transported to shore, condensate is produced. According to the recent information from the Oil Company, “Umid” produces a very high quality condensate. This field is very important. It will further strengthen our energy security and our export potential.
Usually when it comes to Azerbaijan’s gas resources, some experts only talk about the Shah Deniz field. Of course, Shah Deniz is our largest field. It has gas reserves of at least 1 trillion 200 billion cubic meters. It is one of the world’s biggest gas fields, perhaps even the biggest. But our gas resources are not limited to Shah Deniz. We should not limit our future export opportunities only to Shah Deniz.
The Umid field has been discovered by the State Oil Company. It has at least 300 billion cubic meters of gas. “Total” and “Gaz de France” have discovered large reserves of gas in the field of Absheron. It also has at least 300 billion cubic meters of gas. While planning our export strategy, we take this factor into account. It is as a result of this that Azerbaijan has initiated the TANAP project. Because we need this gas infrastructure in order to deliver any volumes anywhere in the world. We don’t need small pipelines that serve only the development of a single field. We need large-scale natural gas infrastructure. This is one of the reasons behind the TANAP project.
Another reason is well known to you. There have been discussions about various projects for many years, perhaps a decade.
We see that these discussions are held without a reason, they are endless. People gather, talk, hold conferences, sign documents, but there is nothing in the end. We are not used to working like this. We are used to working specifically. Seeing that these discussions are infinite, we made concrete decisions, put forward our proposals in a short time and all the issues were resolved. There is a great interest in the TANAP project in the world. TANAP will be implemented on the basis of an initiative launched exclusively by Azerbaijan.
So energy security issue are always in our spotlight. We should also take further steps to create renewable energy in Azerbaijan.
A few months ago I attended the opening of a plant producing solar panels in Sumgayit. I think this is a great initiative. The plant should be expanded. At the same time, government agencies should use the opportunities of this plant as appropriate, purchase its products and promote the construction of new stations based on solar panels. Next year we should take more specific and serious steps in this regard.
The minister has provided information about the work ongoing in the transport sector. Work is carried out on each area – restoration of motor roads and railways. It is also very important. We have to ensure the operation of high-speed railways. New railways are built for trains to move at high speed. If we consider that Azerbaijan will become a major transit country in the near future – the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway is nearing completion – our railways should meet high international standards.
The construction of a seaport, new airports, the acquisition of aircraft and ferries – all these issues are resolved. I have already said that the construction of rural roads has taken wide scope.
The transport sector will continue to be a priority issue. The transport network of Baku is improving, extensive creative work is under way in the districts. I am pleased that we are close to resolving this issue completely. In my opening remarks I noted that our non-oil industry grew by 7.7 per cent. It is also evidence of the industrialization ongoing in the country. We must strive to ensure that industrialization is even more rapid. Again, in doing so, we work in two directions. Of course, we need major and powerful industrial enterprises. Because this will increase our non-oil production and help create many jobs. I have repeatedly said this and want to say again that several industrial centers are created in Azerbaijan. Traditionally, these centers should be specialized – Sumgayit, Ganja, the Garadagh district of Baku. Three main industrial centers are emerging.
Of course, there are development programs relating to industry issues in other areas, but the main industrial centers must be in these places. The process of creating new industrial parks is ongoing. We already have initial good results, there are other ideas too. We will create new industrial parks where the functioning of major enterprises will facilitate the successful operation of small and medium-sized companies.
The process of stimulating small and medium businesses is under way – both through the National Fund on Entrepreneurship Support and beyond. At the same time, it is very important to create large enterprises and provide them with state support.
We have a very effective mechanism – our energy independence, huge energy resources. Prices in Azerbaijan are regulated by the state. Thus, in order to stimulate domestic production, energy can be provided to local strategic enterprises on concessional terms. We must pursue a flexible policy on the issue. I believe that the strengthening of domestic production should be a priority. After this is fully accomplished and the desired goal in the industrial sector achieved, our talks with the World Trade Organization will certainly go even faster.
The program on the development of Baku and its suburban settlements is ongoing. It is a very serious and specific program. In terms of time, it is a very short-term program. In two years, we had to resolve all the problems, issues of socioeconomic infrastructure in the suburban settlements of Baku. We are close to that. There is one more year to go.
I am sure that the program will be completed by the end of next year and we will resolve all the infrastructure and social issues in the suburban settlements. This is evidenced by the orders given. Creative work is ingoing in all the settlements. Water and sewage projects are a priority. Then the construction of roads will start. In parallel, there is gasification, construction of schools, hospitals, clinics, job creation. Through the National Fund on Entrepreneurship Support we are implementing projects aimed at the economic development of the suburban settlements of Baku. We took such a short time deliberately in order to resolve this issue soon. The program on the development of Baku and its suburban settlements must be completed by the end of next year.
They represented 62 countries. So this is important both in terms of the content and in terms of the essence. At the same time, they had the opportunity to learn about our country. After the forum concluded its work, trips were organized into regions. Trips were organized to four cities. Guests were flown to Nakhchivan, Lankaran, Ganja and Gabala. This is also a very significant phenomenon. They flew to each city. They have all the infrastructure, hotels, where the guests saw our historical places and got a full impression about Azerbaijan. So it is a great format and I am pleased that the results of the forum were very positive.
Also, we have seen very serious events in the current year and last year, the role and place of Azerbaijan in the world have greatly increased. The Eurovision song contest. We did not initiate to host Eurovision in Baku. The conditions of the contest are such that it is hosted by a winning member. We conducted it on a high level. Perhaps even the highest level. We have demonstrated our culture and realities to the whole of Europe.
We were elected to the UN Security Council. For a country that has been independent for only 20 years this is a historic achievement. We were supported by 155 countries. We joined the Non-Aligned Movement. This was also a correct step from the political standpoint. And it was a great victory for our foreign policy.
It is a historic achievement to become a member of this organization and have a resolution adopted in just one year of membership on the support for the principle of territorial integrity in the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. And we have only been a member of this organization for one year. But this membership was so active and the attitude towards Azerbaijan was so positive that within just one year 120 countries supported our position. In addition, we have achieved success at the Olympics. We are among the leading sporting nations in the world. And this is a reality. So all these achievements make us happy and upset our enemies.
I am sure that these trends will become even stronger in the coming years. Every victory of ours is a tragedy for Armenia.
Every success is frustration for them. We will have many more successes. But our biggest success will be when the Azerbaijani flag will fly in Shusha and Khankandi. I am sure of that, I have no doubt about that. Each one of us, every citizen should work hard to bring this historic day closer. Thank you.
23 february 2018, 10:00Ilham Aliyev received Boeing delegation
22 february 2018, 10:50Ilham Aliyev presented "Istiglal" Order to Milli Majlis member Fattah Heydarov
21 february 2018, 11:44Ilham Aliyev received delegation led by Iranian minister of defence and armed forces logistics
21 february 2018, 11:30Ilham Aliyev received former president of Dutch Senate
19 february 2018, 10:50Ilham Aliyev received delegation led by EU Special Representative for South Caucasus
15 february 2018, 12:35Ilham Aliyev met with Italian undersecretary of state for economic development
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